Spantide I 是substance P 的类似物，是选择性的神经激肽-1 受体 (NK1 receptor) 的拮抗剂，其对NK1 和 NK2 受体的 Ki 值分别为 230 nM 和 8150 nM。Spantide I 可减少感染角膜的1型细胞因子和增强2型细胞因子 IL-10，从而显著减少角膜穿孔。
Spantide I Chemical Structure
CAS No. : 91224-37-2
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Spantide I 相关产品
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Spantide I, a substance P analog, is a selective NK1 receptor antagonist, with Ki values of 230 nM and 8150 nM for NK1 and NK2 receptor, respectively. Spantide I provides an approach to reduce type 1 and enhance the type 2 cytokine IL-10 in the infected cornea, leading to a significant reduction in corneal perforation.
230 nM (Ki)
8150 nM (Ki)
体内研究 (In Vivo)
Spantide I (50 and 100 nM perfused through the cerebral ventricles) causes a complete respiratory arrest in all of the examined animals. Spantide I (36 μg/mouse, ip daily) significantly decreases the number of perforated corneas, bacterial counts, and PMNs. Spantide I also downregulates the mRNA levels for type I cytokines (e.g., IFN-γ) as well as MIP-2, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β.
MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.
Female, 8-week-old C57BL/6 (B6) and BALB/c mice.
IP on days -1 and 0 (day of infection) and daily through 5 days pi (post infection).
At 3 and 5 days pi, compound-treated mice had significantly less severe ocular disease than did the PBS-treated mice. Contained significantly fewer PMNs than the corneas of PBS-treated mice at 3 and 5 days pi. Significantly reduced levels of corneal TNF-α mRNA at 3 and 5 days pi. Significantly reduced the level of IL-18 mRNA at 1 day pi.
Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.
Peptide Solubility and Storage Guidelines:
1.;;Calculate the length of the peptide.
2.;;Calculate the overall charge of the entire peptide according to the following table:
Acidic amino acid
Asp (D), Glu (E), and the C-terminal -COOH.
Basic amino acid
Arg (R), Lys (K), His (H), and the N-terminal -NH2
Neutral amino acid
Gly (G), Ala (A), Leu (L), Ile (I), Val (V), Cys (C), Met (M), Thr (T), Ser (S), Phe (F), Tyr (Y), Trp (W), Pro (P), Asn (N), Gln (Q)
Overall charge of peptide
1.;;Try to dissolve the peptide in water first. 2.;;If water fails, add NH4OH (lt;50 μL). 3.;;If the peptide still does not dissolve, add DMSO (50-100 μL) to solubilize the peptide.
1.;;Try to dissolve the peptide in water first. 2.;;If water fails, try dissolving the peptide in a 10%-30% acetic acid solution. 3.;;If the peptide still does not dissolve, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO.
1.;;Try to dissolve the peptide in organic solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, etc.) first. 2.;;For very hydrophobic peptides, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO, and then dilute the solution with water to the desired concentration.
. J C Beaujouan, et al. Higher potency of RP 67580, in the mouse and the rat compared with other nonpeptide and peptide tachykinin NK1 antagonists. Br J Pharmacol. 1993 Mar;108(3):793-800.
. M Zubrzycka, et al. Comparison of antagonistic properties of substance P analogs, spantide I, II and III, on evoked tongue jerks in rats. Endocr Regul. 2000 Mar;34(1):13-8.
. Linda D Hazlett, et al. Spantide I decreases type I cytokines, enhances IL-10, and reduces corneal perforation in susceptible mice after Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Feb;48(2):797-807.