Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.
Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.
Peptide Solubility and Storage Guidelines:
1.;;Calculate the length of the peptide.
2.;;Calculate the overall charge of the entire peptide according to the following table:
Acidic amino acid
Asp (D), Glu (E), and the C-terminal -COOH.
Basic amino acid
Arg (R), Lys (K), His (H), and the N-terminal -NH2
Neutral amino acid
Gly (G), Ala (A), Leu (L), Ile (I), Val (V), Cys (C), Met (M), Thr (T), Ser (S), Phe (F), Tyr (Y), Trp (W), Pro (P), Asn (N), Gln (Q)
Overall charge of peptide
1.;;Try to dissolve the peptide in water first. 2.;;If water fails, add NH4OH (lt;50 μL). 3.;;If the peptide still does not dissolve, add DMSO (50-100 μL) to solubilize the peptide.
1.;;Try to dissolve the peptide in water first. 2.;;If water fails, try dissolving the peptide in a 10%-30% acetic acid solution. 3.;;If the peptide still does not dissolve, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO.
1.;;Try to dissolve the peptide in organic solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, etc.) first. 2.;;For very hydrophobic peptides, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO, and then dilute the solution with water to the desired concentration.
. Yahav Dikshtein, et al. β-Endorphin via the Delta Opioid Receptor is a Major Factor in the Incubation of Cocaine Craving. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2013 Nov; 38(12): 2508-2514.
. Niinistö KE, et al. Plasma levels of heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) and beta-endorphin as indicators of stress, pain and prognosis in horses with colic. Vet J. 2010 Apr;184(1):100-4.