Pepstatin(Synonyms: 抑肽素 Pepstatin A)

Pepstatin;(Synonyms: 抑肽素; Pepstatin A) 纯度: 98.28%

Pepstatin (Pepstatin A) 是由放线菌类产生的一种特异性的天冬氨酸蛋白酶 (aspartic proteases) 抑制剂,能够抑制 hemoglobin-pepsin,hemoglobin-proctase,casein-pepsin,casein-proctase,casein-acid protease 和 hemoglobin-acid protease 的活性,IC50 值分别为 4.5 nM,6.2 nM,150 nM,290 nM,520 nM 和 260 nM;同时可抑制 HIV protease 的活性。

Pepstatinamp;;(Synonyms: 抑肽素; Pepstatin A)

Pepstatin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 26305-03-3

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生物活性

Pepstatin (Pepstatin A) is a specific aspartic protease inhibitor produced by actinomycetes, with IC50s of 4.5 nM, 6.2 nM, 150 nM, 290 nM, 520 nM and 260 nM for hemoglobin-pepsin, hemoglobin-proctase, casein-pepsin, casein-proctase, casein-acid protease and hemoglobin-acid protease, respectively. Pepstatin Ammonium also inhibits HIV protease.

IC50 Target

IC50: 4.5 nM (Hemoglobin-pepsin), 6.2 nM (Hemoglobin-proctase), 150 nM (Casein-pepsin), 260 nM (Hemoglobin-acid protease), 290 nM (Casein-proctase), 520 nM (Casein-acid protease)[1]

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Pepstatin (Pepstatin A) is a specific acid protease inhibitor produced by actinomycetes, with IC50s of 4.5 nM, 6.2 nM, 150 nM, 290 nM, 520 nM and 260 nM for hemoglobin-pepsin, hemoglobin-proctase, casein-pepsin, casein-proctase, casein-acid protease and hemoglobin-acid protease, respectively[1]. Pepstatin (Pepstatin A) inhibits the recombinant HIV protease with an IC50 of 250 μM. Pepstatin shows no effect on cellular protein synthesis and probably does not exert severe cell toxicity[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

Pepstatin (Pepstatin A) has a very low toxicity, with LD50s of 1090 mg/kg, 875 mg/kg, 820 mg/kg and 450 mg/kg for mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs by i.p. route, and > 2000 mg/kg for all species by oral route. Pepstatin (0.5-50 mg/kg, p.o.) suppresses stomach ulceration of the pylorus in ligated Shay rats[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

分子量

685.89

Formula

C34H63N5O9

CAS 号

26305-03-3

Sequence

IsoValeryl-Val-Val-Sta-Ala-Sta-OH

Sequence Shortening

IsoVeryl-VV-Sta-A-Sta-OH

中文名称

胃酶抑素;抑肽素;胃蛋白酶抑制剂;胃酶抑素A

运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式
Powder -80deg;C 2 years
-20deg;C 1 year
In solvent -80deg;C 6 months
-20deg;C 1 month
溶解性数据
In Vitro:;

DMSO : 125 mg/mL (182.24 mM; Need ultrasonic)

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.4580 mL 7.2898 mL 14.5796 mL
5 mM 0.2916 mL 1.4580 mL 2.9159 mL
10 mM 0.1458 mL 0.7290 mL 1.4580 mL

*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 40% PEG300 ;; 5% Tween-80 ;; 45% saline

    Solubility: 2.08 mg/mL (3.03 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

    此方案可获得 2.08 mg/mL (3.03 mM) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液

  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.03 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.03 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

    将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
  • 3.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.03 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.03 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
参考文献
  • [1]. Umezawa H, et al. Pepstatin, a new pepsin inhibitor produced by Actinomycetes. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1970 May;23(5):259-62.

    [2]. Seelmeier S, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus has an aspartic-type protease that can be inhibited by pepstatin A. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Sep;85(18):6612-6.

Cell Assay
[2]

Pepstatin A is freshly dissolved in DMSO at 7 mM. It is very slowly diluted (1:100) into the medium of HIV-infected H9 suspension cultures so that no pepstatin A precipitated (final concentration, 70 μM pepstatin A and 1% DMSO), and the cultures are incubated without change of culture medium for 48 hr. As control, uninfected H9 cells are also incubated with pepstatin and in addition HIV infected and uninfected cells are incubated with 1% DMSO but without pepstatin[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献
  • [1]. Umezawa H, et al. Pepstatin, a new pepsin inhibitor produced by Actinomycetes. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1970 May;23(5):259-62.

    [2]. Seelmeier S, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus has an aspartic-type protease that can be inhibited by pepstatin A. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Sep;85(18):6612-6.

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