20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3(Synonyms: 20(S)-人参皂苷 Rg3; 20(S)-Propanaxadiol; S-ginsenoside Rg3)

天然产物 糖类和糖苷 Saccharides and Glycosides

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3;(Synonyms: 20(S)-人参皂苷 Rg3; 20(S)-Propanaxadiol; S-ginsenoside Rg3) 纯度: 98.10%

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 是红参的主要成分。20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 抑制 Na+hKv1.4 通道,IC50 分别为 32.2±4.5 和 32.6±2.2 μM。20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 还抑制 NF-κB 活性和 COX-2 表达。

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3(Synonyms: 20(S)-人参皂苷 Rg3; 20(S)-Propanaxadiol;  S-ginsenoside Rg3)

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 14197-60-5

规格 价格 是否有货 数量
10;mM;*;1 mL in DMSO ¥563 In-stock
10 mg ¥512 In-stock
50 mg ¥1097 In-stock
100 mg ¥1953 In-stock
200 mg ; 询价 ;
500 mg ; 询价 ;

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生物活性

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.

IC50 Target

p65

;

COX-2

;

Human Endogenous Metabolite

;

Na+ channel

32.2 mu;M (IC50)

hKv1.4 channel

32.6 mu;M (IC50)

Aβ40

;

Aβ42

;

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Ginsenoside Rg3 plays an important role in its effect on the Na+ channel. Treatment with Ginsenoside Rg3 reversibly inhibits the inward Na+ peak current (INa) with an IC50 of 32.2±4.5 μM, and the inhibition is voltage-dependent[1]. Ginsenoside Rg3 at 100 μM inhibits the hKv1.4 channel currents by an average of 65%.The Ginsenoside Rg3 effect is concentration-dependent and reversible. The IC50 value and Hill coefficient are 32.6±2.2 μM and 1.59±0.13, respectively[2]. Ginsenoside Rg3 shows the significant inhibition of NF-κB activity thereby reduced COX-2 expression. To examine the cytotoxicity of Ginsenoside Rg3 on IL-1β-induced inflamed A549 cells, the cells are firstly treated with IL-1β (10 ng/mL) for 4 h and treated with 100 to 900 ng/mL concentration of Ginsenoside Rg3 for 12 h. Cell viability is analyzed using an MTT assay. There is no observed cytotoxicity of Ginsenoside Rg3 in IL-1β-induced inflamed A549 cells compared to only PBS-treated cells (Con).To obtain the anti-inflammatory effects of Ginsenoside Rg3 on inflammation induced human lung epithelial cells, A549 cells inflammation is induced by IL-1β (10 ng/mL) and then treated by 5 μM of Dexamethasone (Dex) or 900 nM of Rg3. The NF-κB activation is analyzed by a western blot analysis to evaluate the effect of Ginsenoside Rg3 treatment on A549 cells. Phospho-NF-κB p65/total NF-κB p65 densitometry in the cells treated with Rg3 shows the significant decrease compared to IL-1β-induced inflamed A549 cells. The meaning of reducing the ratio of p-p65/p65 by Rg3 treatment is associated with NF-κB activation. Ginsenoside Rg3 also downregulates the expression of COX-2 effectively[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

Ginsenoside Rg3 ((20S)-Rg3) is an Aβ-lowering Natural Compound. APP/PS1 mice are treated with Ginsenoside Rg3 once a day for 4 weeks by intraperitoneal injection (10 mg/kg/day). Aβ ELISA analysis of brain tissues reveal that Ginsenoside Rg3 treatment results in a significant reduction of Aβ40 and Aβ42 in the brain[4].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

分子量

785.01

Formula

C42H72O13

CAS 号

14197-60-5

中文名称

20(S)-人参皂苷 Rg3

运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式
Powder -20deg;C 3 years
4deg;C 2 years
In solvent -80deg;C 6 months
-20deg;C 1 month
溶解性数据
In Vitro:;

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (127.39 mM; Need ultrasonic)

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.2739 mL 6.3693 mL 12.7387 mL
5 mM 0.2548 mL 1.2739 mL 2.5477 mL
10 mM 0.1274 mL 0.6369 mL 1.2739 mL

*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 40% PEG300 ;; 5% Tween-80 ;; 45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液

  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

    将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
  • 3.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
参考文献
  • [1]. Kim JH, et al. A role for the carbohydrate portion of ginsenoside Rg3 in Na+ channel inhibition. Mol Cells. 2005 Feb 28;19(1):137-42.

    [2]. Lee JH, et al. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits human Kv1.4 channel currents by interacting with the Lys531 residue. Mol Pharmacol. 2008 Mar;73(3):619-26.

    [3]. Lee IS, et al. Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Ginsenoside Rg3 via NF-κB Pathway in A549 Cells and Human Asthmatic Lung Tissue. J Immunol Res. 2016;2016:7521601.

    [4]. Kang MS, et al. Modulation of lipid kinase PI4KIIα activity and lipid raft association of presenilin 1 underlies γ-secretase inhibition by ginsenoside (20S)-Rg3. J Biol Chem. 2013 Jul 19;288(29):20868-82.

Cell Assay
[3]

MTT assays are performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of Ginsenoside Rg3 on inflamed cells. Ten thousands of A549 cells cultured each well of 96-well plate and are incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2 overnight. After serum starvation using DMEM low glucose without FBS, the medium is changed into RPMI containing IL-1β (10 ng/mL) and the cells are incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2 for 4 h. After 4 h incubation, the cells are treated with Ginsenoside Rg3 (100-900 nM) for 12 h. Thirty microliters of MTT solution (5 mg/mL) is added to each well and the cells are incubated for 2 h. After 2 h incubation in cell culture incubator, the medium containing MTT solution of each well is removed and 50 μL of DMSO is added. Using an automated spectrophotometric plate reader at 570 nm, the optical density of formazan is measured[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[4]

Mice[4]
The mice used are heterozygous, double transgenic animals expressing both human APP(K670N/M671L) and PS1(M146L) proteins. These Alzheimer disease model mice are age-matched (3 months old) in all experiments with wild-type littermates. Both sets of mice are produced by crossing heterozygous APP mice with heterozygous PS1 mice and are weaned at 3 weeks and genotyped by PCR of digested tail samples. Ginsenoside Rg3 is prepared in a saline solution containing 0.01% DMSO at a concentration of 10 mg/kg of body weight. Ginsenoside Rg3 (or saline with 0.01% DMSO for controls) is administered daily via intraperitoneal injection. After sacrifice, one hemibrain from each mouse is frozen on dry ice, homogenized in sucrose buffer, and extracted via formic acid for Aβ quantification using a commercial sandwich ELISA kit.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献
  • [1]. Kim JH, et al. A role for the carbohydrate portion of ginsenoside Rg3 in Na+ channel inhibition. Mol Cells. 2005 Feb 28;19(1):137-42.

    [2]. Lee JH, et al. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits human Kv1.4 channel currents by interacting with the Lys531 residue. Mol Pharmacol. 2008 Mar;73(3):619-26.

    [3]. Lee IS, et al. Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Ginsenoside Rg3 via NF-κB Pathway in A549 Cells and Human Asthmatic Lung Tissue. J Immunol Res. 2016;2016:7521601.

    [4]. Kang MS, et al. Modulation of lipid kinase PI4KIIα activity and lipid raft association of presenilin 1 underlies γ-secretase inhibition by ginsenoside (20S)-Rg3. J Biol Chem. 2013 Jul 19;288(29):20868-82.

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