N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe(Synonyms: fMLP N-Formyl-MLF)

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe;(Synonyms: fMLP; N-Formyl-MLF) 纯度: 99.81%

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP; N-Formyl-MLF) 是一种趋化肽和N-甲酰基肽受体 (FPR) 的特异性配体。报道显示N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Ph 可抑制 TNF-alpha 的分泌。

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Pheamp;;(Synonyms: fMLP;  N-Formyl-MLF)

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 59880-97-6

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N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe 相关产品

bull;相关化合物库:

  • Bioactive Compound Library Plus
  • Peptidomimetic Library
  • Peptide Library

生物活性

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP; N-Formyl-MLF) is a chemotactic peptide and a specific ligand of N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR). N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Ph is reported to inhibit TNF-alpha secretion.

IC50 Target

TNF-alpha[1]

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Binding of N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe to its specific cell surface receptor, N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR), triggers different cascades of biochemical events, eventually leading to cellular activation. FPR is a chemoattractant receptor belonging to the G protein-coupled receptor family. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe promotes osteoblastic commitment and suppresses adipogenic commitment under osteoblastic differentiation conditions. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe stimulates osteogenesis is associated with increased expression of osteogenic markers and mineralization. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe inhibits expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ1. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-stimulated osteogenic differentiation is mediated via FPR1-phospholipase C/phospholipase D-Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent kinase II-ERK-CREB signaling pathways[1]. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe, a bacterial-derived peptide, induced proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in human peripheral blood monocytes. Bacterial products LPS and N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe synergistically induce inflammatory response via multiple signaling pathways. TLR4, IKKβ-IκBα, and NF-κB signaling pathways are involved in the synergistic induction of TNF-α via p65 nuclear translocation-dependent mechanisms[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe promotes bone formation in zebrafish and rabbits. Extensive skeletal development is evident at 5 dpf in over 80% of N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-treated zebrafish. Treatment with N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe results in increased expression of Runx2. Bone marrow spaces are widely formed, and connective tissue covering bone is dense, like periosteum, in N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-treated calvaria[1]. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe mediate release of calprotectin from PMN in vitro. It induces release of calprotectin from PMN in a dose dependent manner. A minimum of 10% of total PMN calprotectin is retained at concentrations of 0.1-10.0 nM of N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

分子量

437.55

Formula

C21H31N3O5S

CAS 号

59880-97-6

Sequence

Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe

Sequence Shortening

Formyl-MLF

运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式
Powder -80deg;C 2 years
-20deg;C 1 year
In solvent -80deg;C 6 months
-20deg;C 1 month
溶解性数据
In Vitro:;

DMSO : ≥ 82.5 mg/mL (188.55 mM)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (ultrasonic) (insoluble)

* “≥” means soluble, but saturation unknown.

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.2855 mL 11.4273 mL 22.8545 mL
5 mM 0.4571 mL 2.2855 mL 4.5709 mL
10 mM 0.2285 mL 1.1427 mL 2.2855 mL

*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 40% PEG300 ;; 5% Tween-80 ;; 45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.75 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.75 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液

  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂:;10% DMSO ;; 90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.75 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (4.75 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
参考文献
  • [1]. Shin MK, et al. N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) promotes osteoblast differentiation via the N-formyl peptide receptor 1-mediated signaling pathway in human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow. J Biol Chem. 2011 May 13;286(19):17133-43.

    [2]. Chen LY, et al. Synergistic induction of inflammation by bacterial products lipopolysaccharide and fMLP: an important microbial pathogenic mechanism. J Immunol. 2009 Feb 15;182(4):2518-24.

    [3]. Hetland G, et al. Chemotaxins C5a and fMLP induce release of calprotectin (leucocyte L1 protein) from polymorphonuclear cells in vitro. Mol Pathol. 1998 Jun;51(3):143-8.

Cell Assay
[2]

Cells are cotransfected with either a dominant negative form of IκBα or a dominant negative form of IKKβ together with the NF-κB-dependent luciferase reporter plasmid. The plasmid pCMVβ is used as a control for transfection efficiency and this is monitored via the expression of β-galactosidase. Cells are transiently transfected with plasmids using DEAE-dextran. The transfected cells are cultivated for 48 h before a 6-h incubation in medium ±N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe, LPS, or N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe/LPS. Luciferase activity is determined by using the luciferase assay kit and a Monolight 3010 luminometer[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice: N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe is prepared in sterile PBS. Under the anesthesia, mice are intranasally treated with LPS (0.3 mg/kg) or N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (0.5 mg/kg) or N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe and LPS in 50 μL of sterile PBS (control), BAL is performed by cannulating the trachea with sterilized PBS, and cells from BAL fluid are stained with Wright-Giemsa stain after cytocentrifuge. For TNF-α protein release, BAL fluid is collected and secreted TNF-α is measured by ELISA as described above[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献
  • [1]. Shin MK, et al. N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) promotes osteoblast differentiation via the N-formyl peptide receptor 1-mediated signaling pathway in human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow. J Biol Chem. 2011 May 13;286(19):17133-43.

    [2]. Chen LY, et al. Synergistic induction of inflammation by bacterial products lipopolysaccharide and fMLP: an important microbial pathogenic mechanism. J Immunol. 2009 Feb 15;182(4):2518-24.

    [3]. Hetland G, et al. Chemotaxins C5a and fMLP induce release of calprotectin (leucocyte L1 protein) from polymorphonuclear cells in vitro. Mol Pathol. 1998 Jun;51(3):143-8.

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